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A girls period cycle

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A period is a release of blood from a girl's uterus , out through her vagina. It is a sign that she is getting close to the end of puberty. There is a lot to learn about periods. Here are some common questions that teens have. Most girls get their first period when they're around But getting it any time between age 10 and 15 is OK.

SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: The Menstrual Cycle

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SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: THE MENSTRUAL CYCLE

Irregular Periods

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Learn all about the menstrual cycle, what happens during a cycle, how long a menstrual cycle usually is and when you should seek help. The video below is a fantastic resource for girls and women of all ages and cultures, covering the changes that come with puberty and giving educational insight into why the period occurs and what they can expect when it does.

The menstrual cycle is a cycle of bodily changes controlled by female hormones that cause a regular bleed. This bleed, which usually occurs monthly, comes from the uterus womb and flows out from the vagina.

The menstrual cycle begins at menarche the first period and ends with menopause the final period. Every woman's cycle is unique and individual. The average age of menarche in Western countries is years, but it can start as early as nine and as late as If your perio-ds have not started by , you should see your doctor to investigate why they haven't started. Most women reach menopause between 45 and 55 years, and the average age of menopause for women from a Western country is years.

The role of the menstrual cycle is to prepare the body for pregnancy. When a pregnancy does not occur, a period results. On average, a woman in Australia will have periods in her lifetime. The menstrual cycle occurs because of a complex relationship between hormones from the brain and ovaries.

This leads to the development and release of an egg from the ovary ovulation and growth of the internal lining endometrium of the uterus, to prepare it for pregnancy. When the hormones signal to the uterus that there is no pregnancy, the lining starts to break down and separate from the wall of the uterus, beginning the period.

Once the lining has separated from the wall of the uterus, the cycle starts again. Menstrual cycles vary between women and are measured from the first day of the period to the first day of the next period.

In adolescents, a cycle might be as long as 45 days; however, by the time a woman reaches her 20ss, a cycle is usually between 21 and 38 days. Periods change over a woman's lifetime. Sometimes they change after pregnancy, and in some women they get heavier in perimenopause the transition time from regular periods to a woman's final period and lighter and shorter closer to the final period or menopause.

The period can last from four to eight days, and most women lose less than 80ml of blood about one-third of a cup in total. The flow changes over the course of your period and can be heavier for the first three days and then lighter in the next few days.

The blood colour will reflect this change in flow rate and can change from dark or bright red initially, to dark brown later in the cycle. The period contains blood, mucous and some cells from the lining of the uterus. Some small clots may be normal, but if the clots become frequent or larger, see your doctor.

This is because of a normal change in some of the hormones with ovulation. If pain or bleeding at the time of ovulation frequently lasts longer than three days, you need to see your doctor. Most women have some odour related to bleeding, but little is known about why it is sometimes stronger. It might be related to the length of time you leave your sanitary pad on or tampon in. If the odour is so strong it worries you, discuss your concerns with your doctor. The body makes substances called prostaglandins a natural body chemical , especially just before, and during the first few days of, the period.

These prostaglandins cause muscle contractions in internal organs and, in combination with the hormonal pattern in the premenstrual week, can cause changes in bowel habits. Some women notice difficulty in opening their bowels just prior to their period, as if they are constipated, and then when the period starts the bowel motions become loose and more frequent. Premenstrual symptoms may occur in the one to two weeks before your period.

Symptoms can include irritability, mood changes, bloating, pimples and tiredness. Normally these symptoms might be irritating, but would not interfere with your day-to-day activities. More commonly, around two out of three women experience some breast pain during their cycle.

Symptoms appear to peak in adolescence and again in perimenopause, possibly because of fluctuating hormone levels. If you are having regular periods, but have spotting of blood for a week or so before each period, see your doctor, as there can be several reasons for this.

Premenstrual symptoms usually settle when the period starts, or during the first two to three days of the period. Period pain that interferes with your everyday life is not normal.

If this occurs, seek help from your doctor. Pads, sanitary pads or napkins are made of absorbent material and come in a range of thicknesses and shapes. Pads might need to be changed every three to four hours on the heaviest day. Reusable, environmentally friendly pads are available. Tampons are absorbent 'plugs' made of cotton, or a combination of cotton and a synthetic material. Tampons are inserted into the vagina and are available in various sizes.

They can be used by all ages and should be changed every three to four hours. Very rarely, toxic shock syndrome can occur when using tampons. This is due to a rapid growth of normal bacteria releasing a toxin, which leads to symptoms of 'shock', such as feeling unwell, fever, rash, diarrhoea and headache. Never keep a tampon inserted in your vagina for more than eight hours and always wash your hands before inserting one. The menstrual cup has been available for many years and is long lasting up to years , but is used by a very small number of women.

Made from either rubber latex , silicone or thermoplastic rubbers, the menstrual cup sits in the vagina over the cervix and collects the menstrual flow.

It should be washed at least every 12 hours using only fresh or soapy water. Menstrual cups are considered environmentally friendly as they are reusable. There are several menstrual cups available, including Lunette and Femmecup. Your menstrual cycle is a normal process for your body. Each woman experiences her menstrual cycle differently, most without any difficulties.

If there is any change in your cycle that worries you, see your doctor. Carat Left arrow Created with Sketch. What is a menstrual cycle? Why do you have a menstrual cycle? How does the menstrual cycle occur? How long is a normal menstrual cycle? What to expect during your period? The below table shows when a woman with a day cycle would most likely ovulate. For a 28 day cycle:. Odour smell Most women have some odour related to bleeding, but little is known about why it is sometimes stronger.

Bowel habits The body makes substances called prostaglandins a natural body chemical , especially just before, and during the first few days of, the period. Signs or symptoms before your period Premenstrual symptoms may occur in the one to two weeks before your period. Sanitary products Pads Pads, sanitary pads or napkins are made of absorbent material and come in a range of thicknesses and shapes.

Tampons Tampons are absorbent 'plugs' made of cotton, or a combination of cotton and a synthetic material. Menstrual cup The menstrual cup has been available for many years and is long lasting up to years , but is used by a very small number of women.

When to see your doctor There are many reasons you might need to see your doctor about your periods, including: changes in the pattern of your periods increasingly heavy periods long periods of more than eight days periods that come fewer than three weeks apart periods coming more than two to three months apart painful periods that cause you to stay home bleeding between periods bleeding after intercourse.

References 1. Last updated: 03 March Last reviewed: 10 July Leave this field blank. Was this helpful? YES, it was. Thank you for your feedback.

All About Periods

Understanding how the process works is important, since you can use this information to help to either get pregnant or avoid getting pregnant, to better manage any menstrual symptoms you are experiencing, and understand when there might be a problem. What is menstruation? How does the menstrual cycle work? How can I figure out what is happening in my cycle? When am I ovulating?

The menstrual cycle is the series of changes a woman's body goes through to prepare for a pregnancy. About once a month, the uterus grows a new lining endometrium to get ready for a fertilized egg. When there is no fertilized egg to start a pregnancy, the uterus sheds its lining.

Read terms. Number Replaces Committee Opinion , November The American Academy of Pediatrics endorses this document. This document reflects emerging concepts on patient safety and is subject to change. The information should not be construed as dictating an exclusive course of treatment or procedure to be followed.

Menstruation in Girls and Adolescents: Using the Menstrual Cycle as a Vital Sign

Learn all about the menstrual cycle, what happens during a cycle, how long a menstrual cycle usually is and when you should seek help. The video below is a fantastic resource for girls and women of all ages and cultures, covering the changes that come with puberty and giving educational insight into why the period occurs and what they can expect when it does. The menstrual cycle is a cycle of bodily changes controlled by female hormones that cause a regular bleed. This bleed, which usually occurs monthly, comes from the uterus womb and flows out from the vagina. The menstrual cycle begins at menarche the first period and ends with menopause the final period. Every woman's cycle is unique and individual. The average age of menarche in Western countries is years, but it can start as early as nine and as late as If your perio-ds have not started by , you should see your doctor to investigate why they haven't started. Most women reach menopause between 45 and 55 years, and the average age of menopause for women from a Western country is years.

Understanding how menstruation works can help you understand how your own cycle works.

Menstruation is also known by the terms menses, menstrual period, cycle or period. The menstrual blood—which is partly blood and partly tissue from the inside of the uterus—flows from the uterus through the cervix and out of the body through the vagina. A menstrual cycle is considered to begin on the first day of a period. The average cycle is 28 days long; however, a cycle can range in length from 21 days to about 35 days.

Menstruation a period is a major stage of puberty in girls. Menstruation can be confusing, just like a lot of the other changes that come with puberty.

Learn more. We hear a lot about the menstrual "cycle," which can make it sound as though it happens like clockwork. And we say that a woman who gets her period every 4 weeks is "regular," as though there's something abnormal about women who don't. In fact, most women don't get their periods in exactly the same number of days after the last one.

What happens during the typical 28-day menstrual cycle?

Menstruation is the shedding of the lining of the uterus endometrium accompanied by bleeding. It occurs in approximately monthly cycles throughout a woman's reproductive life, except during pregnancy. Menstruation starts during puberty at menarche and stops permanently at menopause.

SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Understanding the Menstrual Cycle

Back to Periods. The length of the menstrual cycle varies from woman to woman, but the average is to have periods every 28 days. Regular cycles that are longer or shorter than this, from 21 to 40 days, are normal. Between the ages of 12 and 52, a woman will have around periods, or fewer if she has any pregnancies. To understand the menstrual cycle, it helps to know about the reproductive organs inside a woman's body.

About the menstrual cycle

All A-Z health topics. View all pages in this section. Visit girlshealth. The javascript used in this widget is not supported by your browser. Please enable JavaScript for full functionality. Day 1 starts with the first day of your period.

Although the average cycle is 28 days, it is normal to have a cycle that is shorter or longer. Girls usually start having menstrual periods between the ages of 11 and.

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Normal Menstruation

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