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Can baby girl get urinary tract infection

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Urinary tract infections can be serious because they're easy to miss, especially in young kids. A pediatrician who's treated his fair share explains exactly what parents should look for. For several days, the parents of the 6-month-old girl I'll call Amber dutifully gave her the antibiotics that had been prescribed for her ear infection. But Amber didn't get better.

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SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: UTIs in Children - Merck Manual Consumer Version

Urinary Tract Infection in Children: Know the Signs

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Urinary tract infections can be serious because they're easy to miss, especially in young kids. A pediatrician who's treated his fair share explains exactly what parents should look for. For several days, the parents of the 6-month-old girl I'll call Amber dutifully gave her the antibiotics that had been prescribed for her ear infection.

But Amber didn't get better. She still had a fever, didn't eat much, and became listless. Her parents brought her to our emergency room at UMass Memorial Medical Center, in Worcester, where tests showed that this little girl was severely dehydrated, with a rapid heartbeat and low blood pressure -- signs of life-threatening septic shock. Luckily, the doctors were fairly certain what was wrong. One physician inserted a thin plastic tube through Amber's urethra and into her bladder to collect a teaspoon of urine, which was abnormally cloudy.

The lab soon confirmed the diagnosis: Amber had a urinary tract infection, or UTI. UTIs are the most common serious bacterial infection in young children. They're caused by bacteria that climb through the body's plumbing system into the bladder and then up to the kidneys, and they're found in almost one in ten female infants and one in 30 male infants with a high fever. The infections often become serious because babies aren't able to tell anyone about the early mild symptoms like burning or painful urination.

Today, pediatricians know it's critical to check the urine of babies and toddlers who have a high fever because otherwise they could miss the problem.

Studies show that almost 4 percent of infants who were previously thought to have a fever from another illness such as an ear or a gastrointestinal infection had a UTI it's possible they had both. When not treated promptly, bacteria can multiply and enter the bloodstream. From there, a UTI can permanently scar the kidneys, which can lead to high blood pressure and other long-term problems. And as with Amber, it can lead to life-threatening complications. Babies are especially vulnerable to UTIs because they're in diapers most of the time, which keeps their genital area moist and warm and allows bacteria to breed.

Plus, diapers don't always keep their messes contained, so bacteria from bowel movements can easily get into the genitals and sometimes cause an infection.

Because girls have a shorter distance between the end of the urethra and the bladder than boys do, girls seem to have a higher chance of getting an infection this way. And research has shown that uncircumcised boys have about a tenfold greater risk of getting a UTI than circumcised boys do, because bacteria can hide under the foreskin, making it harder to clean.

But your child isn't defenseless. Every time he pees, his urine blasts out any offending bacteria that have gotten into the urethra.

Urine is also a mild acid and contains antibacterial proteins that fight invaders. That's why most children get through life without any infections, even though the urethra is near one of the least clean areas of the body. But the bacteria do fight back and actually sometimes win. Like evil little mountain climbers, some microorganisms have actually evolved to have tiny little hooks that allow them to hang on to the walls of the urethra and avoid being washed away as they climb higher.

Many bacteria also have a coating that shields them from a child's immune system. UTIs can occur for another reason. Just as some adults have acid reflux from stomach contents that bubble up into the esophagus, 43 percent of babies have urinary reflux.

In this condition, some urine flows backward from the bladder up into the kidney, instead of down and out through the urethra, and it may carry invading bacteria into the kidney itself. Though urinary reflux may improve as a child grows up, it can cause repeated infections in infancy and early childhood. More on reflux later. The infections are common during the potty-training years. Some headstrong toddlers may hold in their urine for prolonged periods, possibly allowing the bacteria to climb and cause an infection before they're washed away.

Rarely, very frequent UTIs may even signal a problem with the nerves controlling the bladder, which a doctor might suspect if a child also has weakness in his lower body. A child with severe constipation can have such full intestines that they actually pinch shut the plumbing around the bladder, which makes it harder to pee and causes infections. In babies, the most frequent -- and often the only -- symptom is fever, though others can include foul-smelling urine, persistent vomiting, or diarrhea.

Some babies may lose interest in eating. Toddlers and school-age kids may also have belly pain and may urinate frequently or complain that it hurts when they go.

The only way to be sure that an infant has a UTI is to perform a catheterization, as we did with Amber. In the past, some pediatricians would simply tape a plastic bag onto an infant's genitals, and collect urine whenever the child happened to pee. Today, most doctors realize that normal bacteria around the genitals contaminate the bag, making the results unreliable.

I know how upsetting these catheterizations are for parents, who usually need to help hold their child down as I insert the catheter.

And though I first dip it in pain-numbing gel, studies have shown that doesn't reduce the discomfort much. Still, I try to explain that the procedure typically takes just a minute or two and is key to avoiding long-term kidney damage.

Some potty-trained older toddlers can urinate cleanly into a sterile cup, so a catheterization isn't always needed. Urine is normally clear, so if it's cloudy, we suspect a UTI. If the child is very uncomfortable, we may prescribe antibiotics while awaiting confirmation from the lab. Technicians will check for the telltale white blood cells found during infections.

That's what makes the urine cloudy. Then they'll see whether any bacteria grow. If they don't, we stop the meds. But if they do, the lab worker will try to kill them with various antibiotics, and then report back within a day or two on which one worked best. That's how your doctor knows the best medicine to prescribe.

Young infants often need to stay in the hospital and have antibiotics administered via IV for several days, but older babies and toddlers might only get oral antibiotics for one to two weeks. Once the infection is gone, your doctor will likely order a kidney ultrasound and an X-ray to assess for urinary reflux, which is the common condition that may increase the risk of repeated UTIs. If a child has reflux, the official policy is for pediatricians to prescribe a daily antibiotic for several years to prevent another infection, until a child outgrows the reflux.

These recommendations haven't been updated for more than ten years, though, and they're controversial because the drugs may not make much difference. A large study from Australia found that daily antibiotics reduced a child's risk of getting another UTI from almost one in five to about one in eight, regardless of the presence of reflux.

The downsides of taking a preventive antibiotic are that it can increase the odds of getting a resistant infection, the medication can cause diarrhea, and the cost might add up for parents. Unfortunately, a lot of the advice you may have heard about how to prevent UTIs hasn't been proven to work.

For one thing, avoiding bubble baths won't keep UTIs away, even though doctors have told parents that the suds can be irritating. The chemicals in swimming pools don't cause UTIs either, so staying away from them doesn't decrease your child's risk. You may have heard that drinking cranberry juice may prevent E. So we're left with this: There simply isn't a whole lot you can do to prevent your child from getting a UTI, especially if she's already had one.

This is why it's key to get your child's urine checked when she has a fever, even if she seems to have an ear infection or another ailment that might cause the fever. It's always best to be sure. All content on this Web site, including medical opinion and any other health-related information, is for informational purposes only and should not be considered to be a specific diagnosis or treatment plan for any individual situation. Use of this site and the information contained herein does not create a doctor-patient relationship.

Always seek the direct advice of your own doctor in connection with any questions or issues you may have regarding your own health or the health of others. By Darshak Sanghavi, M. Save Pin FB ellipsis More. Image zoom. Kate Powers. Comments 1 Add Comment. December 3, Best time is 45 seconds from awake to asleep! I heard about it through a kindergarten teacher who uses it to put to sleep a group of 30 children. Check it out! Sorry, you can't post links here so you'll have to turn it into a normal link.

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Paediatric urinary tract infections: Diagnosis and treatment

A urinary tract infection is a bacterial infection of the urinary bladder cystitis , the kidneys pyelonephritis , or both. Newborns and infants may have no symptoms other than a fever, whereas older children have pain or burning during urination, pain in the bladder region, and a need to urinate frequently. Urinary tract infections UTIs are common in childhood. Nearly all UTIs are caused by bacteria that enter the opening of the urethra the tube that drains urine from the bladder out of the body and move upward to the urinary bladder and sometimes the kidneys. Rarely, in severe infections, bacteria may enter the bloodstream from the kidneys and cause infection of the bloodstream sepsis or of other organs.

Articles in the December issue discuss various health issues affecting school-aged children, including acne, eczema and growth disorders. Volume 45, No.

A urinary tract infection is an infection in the wee urine. It is a common cause of fever in young children. The kidneys filter and remove waste and water from the blood to produce urine. The urine travels from the kidneys down 2 narrow tubes called the ureters. The urine is then stored in the bladder.

Could Your Child Have a UTI?

Urinary tract infections UTIs are common in kids. They happen when bacteria germs get into the bladder or kidneys. A baby with a UTI may have a fever, throw up, or be fussy. Older kids may have a fever, have pain when peeing, need to pee a lot, or have lower belly pain. Kids with UTIs need to see a doctor. These infections won't get better on their own. UTIs are easy to treat and usually clear up in a week or so. Taking antibiotics kills the germs and helps kids get well again.

Urinary Tract Infections In Babies

Symptoms can be very different in children than in adults, especially for infants and preschoolers. Sometimes there are no symptoms. Or, your child may be too young to be able to explain what feels wrong. A urine test is the only way to know for certain whether your child has a bladder or kidney infection.

A urinary tract infection UTI happens when bacteria germs gets into the urinary tract. The most common place for a UTI to occur is in the bladder, but infections also occur in the urethra, ureters or kidneys.

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Detecting Urinary Tract Infections

You might think that urinary tract infections are a worry only for adult women. But they are a concern for babies and young children, too. You might think that urinary tract infections UTIs are a worry only for adult women. Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center.

A fussy infant may have any number of health problems, from colds to rashes, but some medical problems are harder to identify than others. For example, many parents may not know that babies can get infections in their urinary tract. In fact, childhood urinary tract infections UTIs account for more than 1 million pediatrician visits each year in the US. UTIs are usually caused by bacteria in the kidneys, ureters the tubes that carry urine , bladder or urethra where urine exits the body. Bacteria and other infection-causing microbes may enter the urinary tract when an infant has a dirty diaper or when babies are wiped from back to front.

Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)

UTIs in children are very common and very treatable. Urethra infection and bladder infection are the most common forms of UTI in children, but these infections can also affect the ureters and kidneys. If your child has a UTI, you may notice:. To confirm a UTI and identify the type of bacteria causing it, the doctor may need a urine sample. To diagnose a baby or young child, the doctor may need to:. In the meantime, he or she will prescribe your child an antibiotic that treats the most common bacteria that cause UTIs. Be sure to give your child the antibiotic in the prescribed dosage at the prescribed times each day. You should also encourage your child to drink plenty of water.

Jun 5, - Urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children are common and treatable. To prevent complications, it's best to call your child's doctor to get He or she will ask about your child's symptoms to determine if an UTIs are more common in girls, especially during potty training, because a girl's urethra is shorter.

A urinary tract infection UTI in children is a fairly common condition. Bacteria that enter the urethra are usually flushed out through urination. This causes an infection.

Symptoms & Causes of Bladder Infection in Children

Urinary tract infections UTIs are relatively common in children, particularly young children still in nappies. Girls are more likely than boys to develop a UTI, except in the first 12 months of life, when boys seem to be more susceptible. The most common organisms that infect the urine are bacteria that normally live in the bowel. Wiping your child's bottom from the front to the back rather than from back to front can help prevent carrying bacteria from the bowel to the urinary tract.

When Your Child Has a Urinary Tract Infection UTI

They can be effectively treated with antibiotics. Your GP may refer you straight to hospital if your child is very young. Read more about diagnosing UTIs in children.

Urinary tract infections UTIs happen when bacteria that enter the urinary tract through the urethra , get into urine and then grow in the bladder.

Urinary tract infections UTIs are common in young children. UTIs may go untreated because the symptoms may not be obvious to the child or to parents. Normal urine has no germs bacteria. However, bacteria can get into the urinary tract from two sources: the skin around the rectum and genitals and the bloodstream from other parts of the body. Bacteria may cause infections in any or all parts of the urinary tract, including the following:.

Urinary tract infection (UTI) in children

A urinary tract infection UTI is a bacterial infection in the urinary tract. The urinary tract is made up of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Children often get UTIs that affect the bladder. UTIs can be uncomfortable and painful. But with treatment, most children recover with no lasting effects. Most UTIs are caused by bacteria that enter the urinary tract through the urethra.

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