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Can pregnant woman get diabetes

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Diabetes is a condition in which the body can't make enough insulin, or can't use insulin normally. Insulin is a hormone. This leads to high blood sugar hyperglycemia. High blood sugar can cause problems all over the body. It can damage blood vessels and nerves.

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Diabetes and getting pregnant

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Researchers don't yet understand why some women get gestational diabetes and others don't. But we know that here are some risk factors that make it more likely and we have outlined these below.

If you have one or more of these then you are more likely to get gestational diabetes but doctors do not yet know why. Although having a high BMI is a risk factor for gestational diabetes, slim women can also get it. To understand what causes gestational diabetes, it can help to understand how your body uses glucose.

Your body needs some glucose in your blood to provide energy. The levels of blood glucose levels are kept at safe limits in your body, by a hormone called insulin. If your glucose level is too high, you may become unwell.

When your blood glucose level is high such as after a meal , insulin allows the extra glucose to be stored in your cells for later use. Then, when your blood glucose levels fall, another hormone glucagon releases some of that stored glucose to keep enough energy available to your body. When you are pregnant, your body produces high levels of hormones. Some of these hormones stop insulin working as well as it normally does.

Usually, the body responds by increasing the amount of insulin it produces. However, some women do not produce enough of this extra insulin, resulting in gestational diabetes.

Then at a routine appointment they noticed glucose in my urine, so they said they needed to do a test to rule out gestational diabetes. They told me I had it and asked me to attend the diabetic clinic the following day. You are more likely to develop gestational diabetes if:.

Some women who develop gestational diabetes do not fall into any of these categories. They may have been tested for other reasons, such as glucose in the urine or if their baby seems large. As we find out more about gestational diabetes, more women from different risk categories are being tested. Being tested does not mean that you have it — just that you may be at higher risk.

Read more about being tested for gestational diabetes. Most women are daunted initially by the unfamiliar territory they find themselves in with gestational diabetes. Find some tips here on how to cope mentally. The emphasis is on trying to keep the birth as normal as possible unless there is a particular reason to do things differently. Women who are overweight are at higher risk of developing gestational diabetes, although many women who develop it are not overweight at all.

Exercise during pregnancy has a wide range of benefits for you and your baby. If you have gestational diabetes, you have even more reason to exercise: it can help reduce your blood glucose.

If you have gestational diabetes, your diet will become an important part of managing your condition and keeping your pregnancy safe. Gestational diabetes is treated by making changes to diet and exercise to manage blood sugar levels, and using medication if necessary. If you have gestational diabetes, measuring your own blood glucose levels will become something you do regularly. Some women can control their glucose levels through diet and exercise alone but the majority will need to take tablets or injections to help control it.

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Do obese pregnant women worry about the risks of pregnancy and birth? Does nutrient intake during pregnancy affect the health of the baby in later life? Gestational diabetes and your mental wellbeing Most women are daunted initially by the unfamiliar territory they find themselves in with gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes and giving birth The emphasis is on trying to keep the birth as normal as possible unless there is a particular reason to do things differently. Managing your weight with gestational diabetes Women who are overweight are at higher risk of developing gestational diabetes, although many women who develop it are not overweight at all.

Staying active with gestational diabetes Exercise during pregnancy has a wide range of benefits for you and your baby. Gestational diabetes and your diet If you have gestational diabetes, your diet will become an important part of managing your condition and keeping your pregnancy safe.

Treatment for gestational diabetes Gestational diabetes is treated by making changes to diet and exercise to manage blood sugar levels, and using medication if necessary. Monitoring your own glucose levels If you have gestational diabetes, measuring your own blood glucose levels will become something you do regularly. Taking medication and insulin for gestational diabetes Some women can control their glucose levels through diet and exercise alone but the majority will need to take tablets or injections to help control it.

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Diabetes Diabetes and getting pregnant. Having a chronic condition such as diabetes diabetes mellitus takes careful monitoring of your health at the best of times, and this becomes even more crucial during pregnancy, a time when your body changes dramatically. Most women who have pre-existing diabetes who become pregnant have type 1 diabetes once called insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes , although some may have type 2 once called non-insulin dependent or maturity-onset diabetes. Another type of diabetes called gestational diabetes is a temporary type of diabetes that occurs in pregnant women who have never had diabetes before and it usually goes away after the baby is born.

Diabetes can cause problems during pregnancy for women and their developing babies. Poor control of diabetes during pregnancy increases the chances for birth defects and other problems for the pregnancy. It can also cause serious complications for the woman.

Back to Your pregnancy and baby guide. Most pregnant women with diabetes will go on to have a healthy baby, but there are some possible complications you should be aware of. The information on this page is for women who were diagnosed with type 1 or type 2 diabetes before they got pregnant. It doesn't cover gestational diabetes — high blood sugar that develops during pregnancy and usually goes away after the baby is born.

Pregnancy if You Have Diabetes

Back to Health A to Z. Gestational diabetes can cause problems for you and your baby during pregnancy and after birth. But the risks can be reduced if the condition is detected early and well managed. They will advise you about what to do. Find out more about pregnancy and coronavirus. Any woman can develop gestational diabetes during pregnancy, but you're at an increased risk if:. But some of these symptoms are common during pregnancy and are not necessarily a sign of gestational diabetes. Speak to your midwife or doctor if you're worried about any symptoms you're experiencing. During your first antenatal appointment also called a booking appointment at around week 8 to 12 of your pregnancy, your midwife or doctor will ask you some questions to determine whether you're at an increased risk of gestational diabetes. You're then given a glucose drink.

Diabetes and Pregnancy

If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and are planning a family, you should plan your pregnancy as much as possible. Controlling your blood sugars before conception and throughout pregnancy gives you the best chance of having a trouble-free pregnancy and birth and a healthy baby. Women with diabetes will need to closely monitor their blood sugar levels during their pregnancy. If you develop diabetes during pregnancy, it is called gestational diabetes. If you can, visit your doctor or diabetes educator at least 6 months before you start trying to fall pregnant.

Has your doctor diagnosed you with gestational diabetes GD or GDM , a form of diabetes that appears only during pregnancy?

Diabetes is a disease in which your blood glucose, or blood sugar , levels are too high. When you are pregnant , high blood sugar levels are not good for your baby. About seven out of every pregnant women in the United States get gestational diabetes.

Causes of gestational diabetes

While pregnant, women who have never had diabetes before but then develop high blood glucose levels may be diagnosed as having gestational diabetes, 1 according to the American Diabetes Association. Gestational diabetes has long-term effects on both mother and child. Having an elevated blood glucose level, or a glucose intolerance, while pregnant raises concerns not only for the mother but also can cause long-term problems for the baby—if it goes untreated.

SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Gestational Diabetes: Diagnosis and Treatment

Researchers don't yet understand why some women get gestational diabetes and others don't. But we know that here are some risk factors that make it more likely and we have outlined these below. If you have one or more of these then you are more likely to get gestational diabetes but doctors do not yet know why. Although having a high BMI is a risk factor for gestational diabetes, slim women can also get it. To understand what causes gestational diabetes, it can help to understand how your body uses glucose.

Gestational Diabetes During Pregnancy

Gestational diabetes is diabetes diagnosed for the first time during pregnancy gestation. Like other types of diabetes, gestational diabetes affects how your cells use sugar glucose. Gestational diabetes causes high blood sugar that can affect your pregnancy and your baby's health. While any pregnancy complication is concerning, there's good news. Expectant mothers can help control gestational diabetes by eating healthy foods, exercising and, if necessary, taking medication.

Most pregnant women with diabetes will go on to have a healthy baby, but there are some possible complications you should be aware of. The information on.

Gestational diabetes refers to diabetes that is diagnosed during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes occurs in about 7 percent of all pregnancies, usually in the second half of the pregnancy. It almost always goes away as soon as your baby is born.

Type 2 Diabetes During Pregnancy

In fact, with the right medical help and diligent self-care, you have about the same excellent chances of having a successful pregnancy and a healthy baby as any other expectant mom. The key to managing type 2 diabetes during pregnancy? Achieving normal blood glucose levels six months before conception and maintaining those levels throughout the nine months following it. Here's what to think about if you're heading into pregnancy with type 2 diabetes.

Diabetes in Pregnancy

If you have diabetes and plan to have a baby, you should try to get your blood glucose levels close to your target range before you get pregnant. High blood glucose, also called blood sugar, can harm your baby during the first weeks of pregnancy, even before you know you are pregnant. If you have diabetes and are already pregnant, see your doctor as soon as possible to make a plan to manage your diabetes. Working with your health care team and following your diabetes management plan can help you have a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby.

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