How did man get back from the moon
Launched from Earth on July 16, , the three astronauts of Apollo 11 arrived in orbit of the moon on July Mission Commander Neil A. Armstrong was born Aug. Armstrong became interested in flight while still a child. In , Armstrong flew combat missions for the U. Lunar Module Pilot Edwin E.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Why Did We Stop Going To The Moon?
The Art of the Return Trip: How NASA Got Apollo 11 Home
Armstrong and Aldrin stayed on Moon for just more 21 hours-two-and-a-half hours of which were spent outside the Lunar Module exploring and conducting scientific experiments. At pm on July 21 the astronauts lifted off from the Moon in the module's ascent stage and then rendezvoused with Collins and the orbiting spacecraft.
The three explorers fired away from lunar orbit on July 22 and returned to Earth on July Armstrong and Edwin E. Aldrin Jr. Astronaut Michael Collins remained with the CSM in lunar orbit while the other two crewmen explored the lunar surface. After docking, astronauts Armstrong and Aldrin transferred to Columbia with Collins, the LM ascent stage was jettisoned, and the return trip to Earth began. The large, dark-colored area in the background is Smyth's Sea, centered at 85 degrees east longitude and 2 degrees south latitude on the lunar surface nearside.
This view looks west. The Earth rises above the lunar horizon. This engine lifted the ascent stage upper section of a Lunar Module off the surface of the Moon. The ascent stage then docked with the orbiting Command and Service Modules. The ascent engine had to perform with high reliability; a serious malfunction could have stranded the astronauts on the Moon. The ascent engine provides kilograms pounds of thrust.
These propellants are hypergolic; that is, they ignite spontaneously when brought together in the rocket's combustion chamber. After the journey back from the Moon, the Apollo 11 command module sheds flaming pieces of its protective ablative covering as it hurtles through the Earth atmosphere toward splash down, July 24, Although the photograph gives the impression of fiery destruction of the spacecraft, the ablative material was performing as it was designed to.
By vaporizing and burning away, it protected the interior of the spacecraft from the searing heat caused by friction with the atmosphere. The astronauts were required to stay inside the facility in medical isolation for 21 days. These extraordinary measures were a precaution against an uncertain threat of contagion. The moon proved to be barren of life so this post-flight procedure was dropped after the Apollo 14 mission.
The Biological Isolation Garment This garment was designed to prevent the spread of any alien organisms the astronauts might have acquired during their journey or while on the Moon. The suits were donned after splashdown and worn until the astronauts arrived at the Mobile Quarantine Facility aboard the recovery aircraft carrier. With the astronauts isolated inside, the facility was flown to Ellington Air Force Base. Mobile Quarantine Facility The Apollo 11 crew, still under a day quarantine, are greeted by their spouses after arrival at Ellington Air Force Base.
The astronauts are looking through the window of the Mobile Quarantine Facility. Left to right are Armstrong, Aldrin, and Collins. Ticker-Tape Parade Returning from the first lunar landing mission, the Apollo 11 astronauts received a tumultuous welcome from New Yorkers who dropped a record tonnage of paper during a ticker-tape parade, a tradition which welcomed returning heroes. Apollo Lunar Module Ascent Engine. Apollo 11 Reentry. Apollo Aldrin Isolation Garment. Apollo 11 Quarantine.
Apollo 11 Ticker-Tape Parade.
Apollo 11 Flight Log, July 24, 1969: Return to Earth
Landing 12 people on the moon remains one of NASA's greatest achievements, if not the greatest. Astronauts collected rocks, took photos , performed experiments , planted flags , and then came home. But those stays during the Apollo program didn't establish a lasting human presence on the moon. More than 45 years after the most recent crewed moon landing — Apollo 17 in December — there are plenty of reasons to return people to Earth's giant, dusty satellite and stay there. Vice President Mike Pence has promised that we will see US astronauts on the moon by including the first women to ever touch the lunar surface , in a program called Artemis.
Apollo 11 was the spaceflight that first landed humans on the Moon. Armstrong became the first person to step onto the lunar surface six hours and 39 minutes later on July 21 at UTC; Aldrin joined him 19 minutes later. They spent about two and a quarter hours together outside the spacecraft, and they collected Command module pilot Michael Collins flew the Command Module Columbia alone in lunar orbit while they were on the Moon's surface.
8 Little-Known Facts About the Moon Landing
It was a feat for the ages. Along the way to achieving JFK's vision, there was plenty of hard work, drama and surprise. Here are some lesser-known moments throughout the epic U. The surface turned out to be solid, but the real surprise was that the moon had a smell. The astronauts reported that it had a burned smell like wet fireplace ashes, or like the air after a fireworks show. Scientists would never get the chance to investigate just what the crew was smelling. While moon soil and rock samples were sent to labs in sealed containers, once they were opened back on Earth, the smell was gone. In public, President John F. Kennedy asked his vice president, Lyndon B.
The Journey Home
Click unmute on the video above hear mission audio from Flight Day 9 -- Landing Day! After an eventful journey to and from the moon that included the first human footsteps on the lunar surface, the Apollo 11 crew prepared for a splashdown on Earth on the final day of their mission. Riding inside the command module Columbia were Neil Armstrong commander , Buzz Aldrin lunar module pilot and Michael Collins command module pilot. EDT to get ready for their landing.
How the Apollo 11 Moon Landing Worked (Infographic)