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What does gonorrhea look like under a microscope

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A vaginal wet mount sometimes called a vaginal smear is a test to find the cause of vaginitis, or inflammation of the vagina and the area around the vagina vulva. Vaginitis is often caused by an infection, but it may also be caused by a reaction to vaginal products such as soap, bath oils, spermicidal jelly, or douches. Vaginitis may cause symptoms such as vaginal itching, pain, or discharge. Infections that can cause vaginitis are common and include:.

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Vaginal Wet Mount

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A vaginal wet mount sometimes called a vaginal smear is a test to find the cause of vaginitis, or inflammation of the vagina and the area around the vagina vulva. Vaginitis is often caused by an infection, but it may also be caused by a reaction to vaginal products such as soap, bath oils, spermicidal jelly, or douches. Vaginitis may cause symptoms such as vaginal itching, pain, or discharge.

Infections that can cause vaginitis are common and include:. A vaginal wet mount is done to find the cause of vaginal itching, burning, rash, odor, or discharge. Do not douche, use tampons, or use vaginal medicines for 24 hours before the test. A vaginal wet mount is not done during your menstrual period.

Menstrual blood on the slide can change the results. If you are or might be pregnant, tell your doctor before the vaginal wet mount is done. You will take off your clothes below the waist and drape a gown around your waist. You will then lie on your back on an examination table with your feet raised and supported by stirrups. This allows your doctor to look at the genital area. Your doctor will put a smooth, curved speculum into your vagina.

The speculum gently spreads apart the vaginal walls, which allows your doctor to see the inside of the vagina and the cervix. Samples of fluid inside the vagina are taken with a swab or spatula.

The sample is put on a slide for testing. You may feel some discomfort when the speculum is inserted, especially if your vagina is irritated and tender. There may be a small amount of bleeding after this test. There are no problems from collecting a sample of vaginal secretions.

Your doctor may talk to you about the results after the test. If the sample needs to be looked at by a lab, the results may be ready in 1 to 2 days. A white, lumpy discharge that looks like cottage cheese may mean a vaginal yeast infection is present. A yellow-green, foamy discharge that has a bad odor may mean trichomoniasis is present.

A thin, gray-white vaginal discharge with a strong fishy odor may mean bacterial vaginosis is present. No yeast, bacteria, trichomoniasis, or clue cells are found on the slide. White blood cells are not present or very low in number. High numbers of white blood cells often mean a vaginal infection. Yeast cells found on the wet mount mean a vaginal yeast infection is present. Trichomonads on the wet mount mean trichomoniasis is present.

Clue cells means bacterial vaginosis is present. If many Gardnerella vaginalis bacteria are present, this also may mean bacterial vaginosis is present. Vaginal pH is 3. Reasons you may not be able to have the test or why the results may not be helpful include:. Author: Healthwise Staff. PeaceHealth endeavors to provide comprehensive health care information, however some topics in this database describe services and procedures not offered by our providers or within our facilities.

This information does not replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise, Incorporated disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information. Your use of this information means that you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Learn how we develop our content. To learn more about Healthwise, visit Healthwise. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.

Skip to main content. Health Information Library. Female External Genitalia Vulva. Vaginal Wet Mount. Test Overview A vaginal wet mount sometimes called a vaginal smear is a test to find the cause of vaginitis, or inflammation of the vagina and the area around the vagina vulva.

Infections that can cause vaginitis are common and include: Yeast infection. A vaginal yeast infection is caused by a type of yeast called Candida albicans. A yeast infection is also called a candida infection, or candidiasis. A vaginal yeast infection often causes itching and a white, lumpy discharge that looks like cottage cheese.

It also causes pain with sexual intercourse. A yeast infection is not a sexually transmitted infection STI. Trichomoniasis is an infection caused by a parasite Trichomonas vaginalis. It is sometimes called trichomonas infection, trichomonal infection, or simply trich say "trick". Trichomoniasis causes a vaginal discharge that is yellow-green, foamy, and bad-smelling. Pain with sex or urination may be present. Lower belly pain may also be present. Trichomoniasis is spread by sexual contact and is an STI.

Bacterial vaginosis. Bacterial vaginosis is a change in the balance of bacteria that are normally present in the vagina. The vaginal discharge is thin and milky with a strong fishy odor. Many women have no symptoms. Bacterial vaginosis is not an STI. Other sexually transmitted infections STIs. Infections such as chlamydia , genital warts , syphilis , herpes simplex , and gonorrhea can also affect the vagina.

These infections are found by doing other tests. A vaginal sample may be tested by: Wet mount. A sample of the vaginal discharge is placed on a glass slide and mixed with a salt solution.

The slide is looked at under a microscope for bacteria, yeast cells, trichomoniasis trichomonads , white blood cells that show an infection, or clue cells that show bacterial vaginosis. KOH slide. A sample of the vaginal discharge is placed on a slide and mixed with a solution of potassium hydroxide KOH. The KOH kills bacteria and cells from the vagina, leaving only yeast for a yeast infection. Vaginal pH. The normal vaginal pH is 3. Bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis, and atrophic vaginitis often cause a vaginal pH higher than 4.

Whiff test. Several drops of a potassium hydroxide KOH solution are added to a sample of the vaginal discharge. A strong fishy odor from the mix means bacterial vaginosis is present. Why It Is Done A vaginal wet mount is done to find the cause of vaginal itching, burning, rash, odor, or discharge.

How To Prepare Do not douche, use tampons, or use vaginal medicines for 24 hours before the test. How It Is Done You will take off your clothes below the waist and drape a gown around your waist. How It Feels You may feel some discomfort when the speculum is inserted, especially if your vagina is irritated and tender. Risks There are no problems from collecting a sample of vaginal secretions. Results A vaginal wet mount sometimes called a vaginal smear is a test to find the cause of vaginitis, or inflammation of the vagina and the area around the vagina vulva.

Vaginal discharge Normal: No abnormal vaginal discharge is present. A small amount of discharge is normal. Abnormal: A white, lumpy discharge that looks like cottage cheese may mean a vaginal yeast infection is present.

Wet mount Normal: No yeast, bacteria, trichomoniasis, or clue cells are found on the slide. Abnormal: High numbers of white blood cells often mean a vaginal infection. KOH slide Normal: No yeast is found. Abnormal: Yeast cells means a yeast infection is present. Vaginal pH footnote 1 Normal: Vaginal pH is 3.

Abnormal: Vaginal pH is higher than 4. Whiff test Normal: Adding potassium hydroxide KOH solution to vaginal discharge does not cause a fishy odor.

Abnormal: A fishy odor made by the whiff test means bacterial vaginosis is present. What Affects the Test Reasons you may not be able to have the test or why the results may not be helpful include: Having your period.

Using a vaginal medicine, such as a nonprescription vaginal yeast medicine, 2 to 3 days before this test. Having sex within 24 hours before the test, which can affect the vaginal pH. What To Think About Some causes of vaginitis are not found by a vaginal wet mount, including atrophic vaginitis and some STIs, such as herpes simplex.

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Because investigations of sexual abuse may be initiated on the basis of a laboratory diagnosis of gonorrhea, it is important that only strains of N. Several Neisseria and related species may be misidentified as N. The purpose of this, and other, pages in this section is to provide information, including illustrations, of characteristics of N. This page is designed to provide information relating to the accurate identification of N. Because of the serious social and medicolegal consequences of misdiagnosing gonorrhea or misidentifying strains of N.

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Gonorrhea is caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Any type of sex can spread gonorrhea. You can get it through contact with the mouth, throat, eyes, urethra, vagina, penis, or anus. Gonorrhea is the second most commonly reported communicable disease.

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SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Drug-Resistant Gonorrhea: An Urgent Public Health Issue

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This result has nothing to do with reliability.2–5 Reliability (precision) and validity (accuracy) are 2 completely different and important methodological lapetiteparfumerie.com S Sabour - ‎ - ‎Cited by 2 - ‎Related articles.

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